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/*
 * pthread_cond_wait.c
 *
 * Description:
 * This translation unit implements condition variables and their primitives.
 *
 *
 * --------------------------------------------------------------------------
 *
 *      Pthreads-embedded (PTE) - POSIX Threads Library for embedded systems
 *      Copyright(C) 2008 Jason Schmidlapp
 *
 *      Contact Email: jschmidlapp@users.sourceforge.net
 *
 *
 *      Based upon Pthreads-win32 - POSIX Threads Library for Win32
 *      Copyright(C) 1998 John E. Bossom
 *      Copyright(C) 1999,2005 Pthreads-win32 contributors
 *
 *      Contact Email: rpj@callisto.canberra.edu.au
 *
 *      The original list of contributors to the Pthreads-win32 project
 *      is contained in the file CONTRIBUTORS.ptw32 included with the
 *      source code distribution. The list can also be seen at the
 *      following World Wide Web location:
 *      http://sources.redhat.com/pthreads-win32/contributors.html
 *
 *      This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
 *      modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
 *      License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
 *      version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
 *
 *      This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 *      but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 *      MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
 *      Lesser General Public License for more details.
 *
 *      You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
 *      License along with this library in the file COPYING.LIB;
 *      if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc.,
 *      59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA
 *
 * -------------------------------------------------------------
 * Algorithm:
 * The algorithm used in this implementation is that developed by
 * Alexander Terekhov in colaboration with Louis Thomas. The bulk
 * of the discussion is recorded in the file README.CV, which contains
 * several generations of both colaborators original algorithms. The final
 * algorithm used here is the one referred to as
 *
 *     Algorithm 8a / IMPL_SEM,UNBLOCK_STRATEGY == UNBLOCK_ALL
 *
 * presented below in pseudo-code as it appeared:
 *
 *
 * given:
 * semBlockLock - bin.semaphore
 * semBlockQueue - semaphore
 * mtxExternal - mutex or CS
 * mtxUnblockLock - mutex or CS
 * nWaitersGone - int
 * nWaitersBlocked - int
 * nWaitersToUnblock - int
 *
 * wait( timeout ) {
 *
 *   [auto: register int result          ]     // error checking omitted
 *   [auto: register int nSignalsWasLeft ]
 *   [auto: register int nWaitersWasGone ]
 *
 *   sem_wait( semBlockLock );
 *   nWaitersBlocked++;
 *   sem_post( semBlockLock );
 *
 *   unlock( mtxExternal );
 *   bTimedOut = sem_wait( semBlockQueue,timeout );
 *
 *   lock( mtxUnblockLock );
 *   if ( 0 != (nSignalsWasLeft = nWaitersToUnblock) ) {
 *     if ( bTimeout ) {                       // timeout (or canceled)
 *       if ( 0 != nWaitersBlocked ) {
 *         nWaitersBlocked--;
 *       }
 *       else {
 *         nWaitersGone++;                     // count spurious wakeups.
 *       }
 *     }
 *     if ( 0 == --nWaitersToUnblock ) {
 *       if ( 0 != nWaitersBlocked ) {
 *         sem_post( semBlockLock );           // open the gate.
 *         nSignalsWasLeft = 0;                // do not open the gate
 *                                             // below again.
 *       }
 *       else if ( 0 != (nWaitersWasGone = nWaitersGone) ) {
 *         nWaitersGone = 0;
 *       }
 *     }
 *   }
 *   else if ( INT_MAX/2 == ++nWaitersGone ) { // timeout/canceled or
 *                                             // spurious semaphore :-)
 *     sem_wait( semBlockLock );
 *     nWaitersBlocked -= nWaitersGone;     // something is going on here
 *                                          //  - test of timeouts? :-)
 *     sem_post( semBlockLock );
 *     nWaitersGone = 0;
 *   }
 *   unlock( mtxUnblockLock );
 *
 *   if ( 1 == nSignalsWasLeft ) {
 *     if ( 0 != nWaitersWasGone ) {
 *       // sem_adjust( semBlockQueue,-nWaitersWasGone );
 *       while ( nWaitersWasGone-- ) {
 *         sem_wait( semBlockQueue );       // better now than spurious later
 *       }
 *     } sem_post( semBlockLock );          // open the gate
 *   }
 *
 *   lock( mtxExternal );
 *
 *   return ( bTimedOut ) ? ETIMEOUT : 0;
 * }
 *
 * signal(bAll) {
 *
 *   [auto: register int result         ]
 *   [auto: register int nSignalsToIssue]
 *
 *   lock( mtxUnblockLock );
 *
 *   if ( 0 != nWaitersToUnblock ) {        // the gate is closed!!!
 *     if ( 0 == nWaitersBlocked ) {        // NO-OP
 *       return unlock( mtxUnblockLock );
 *     }
 *     if (bAll) {
 *       nWaitersToUnblock += nSignalsToIssue=nWaitersBlocked;
 *       nWaitersBlocked = 0;
 *     }
 *     else {
 *       nSignalsToIssue = 1;
 *       nWaitersToUnblock++;
 *       nWaitersBlocked--;
 *     }
 *   }
 *   else if ( nWaitersBlocked > nWaitersGone ) { // HARMLESS RACE CONDITION!
 *     sem_wait( semBlockLock );                  // close the gate
 *     if ( 0 != nWaitersGone ) {
 *       nWaitersBlocked -= nWaitersGone;
 *       nWaitersGone = 0;
 *     }
 *     if (bAll) {
 *       nSignalsToIssue = nWaitersToUnblock = nWaitersBlocked;
 *       nWaitersBlocked = 0;
 *     }
 *     else {
 *       nSignalsToIssue = nWaitersToUnblock = 1;
 *       nWaitersBlocked--;
 *     }
 *   }
 *   else { // NO-OP
 *     return unlock( mtxUnblockLock );
 *   }
 *
 *   unlock( mtxUnblockLock );
 *   sem_post( semBlockQueue,nSignalsToIssue );
 *   return result;
 * }
 * -------------------------------------------------------------
 *
 *     Algorithm 9 / IMPL_SEM,UNBLOCK_STRATEGY == UNBLOCK_ALL
 *
 * presented below in pseudo-code; basically 8a...
 *                                      ...BUT W/O "spurious wakes" prevention:
 *
 *
 * given:
 * semBlockLock - bin.semaphore
 * semBlockQueue - semaphore
 * mtxExternal - mutex or CS
 * mtxUnblockLock - mutex or CS
 * nWaitersGone - int
 * nWaitersBlocked - int
 * nWaitersToUnblock - int
 *
 * wait( timeout ) {
 *
 *   [auto: register int result          ]     // error checking omitted
 *   [auto: register int nSignalsWasLeft ]
 *
 *   sem_wait( semBlockLock );
 *   ++nWaitersBlocked;
 *   sem_post( semBlockLock );
 *
 *   unlock( mtxExternal );
 *   bTimedOut = sem_wait( semBlockQueue,timeout );
 *
 *   lock( mtxUnblockLock );
 *   if ( 0 != (nSignalsWasLeft = nWaitersToUnblock) ) {
 *     --nWaitersToUnblock;
 *   }
 *   else if ( INT_MAX/2 == ++nWaitersGone ) { // timeout/canceled or
 *                                             // spurious semaphore :-)
 *     sem_wait( semBlockLock );
 *     nWaitersBlocked -= nWaitersGone;        // something is going on here
 *                                             //  - test of timeouts? :-)
 *     sem_post( semBlockLock );
 *     nWaitersGone = 0;
 *   }
 *   unlock( mtxUnblockLock );
 *
 *   if ( 1 == nSignalsWasLeft ) {
 *     sem_post( semBlockLock );               // open the gate
 *   }
 *
 *   lock( mtxExternal );
 *
 *   return ( bTimedOut ) ? ETIMEOUT : 0;
 * }
 *
 * signal(bAll) {
 *
 *   [auto: register int result         ]
 *   [auto: register int nSignalsToIssue]
 *
 *   lock( mtxUnblockLock );
 *
 *   if ( 0 != nWaitersToUnblock ) {        // the gate is closed!!!
 *     if ( 0 == nWaitersBlocked ) {        // NO-OP
 *       return unlock( mtxUnblockLock );
 *     }
 *     if (bAll) {
 *       nWaitersToUnblock += nSignalsToIssue=nWaitersBlocked;
 *       nWaitersBlocked = 0;
 *     }
 *     else {
 *       nSignalsToIssue = 1;
 *       ++nWaitersToUnblock;
 *       --nWaitersBlocked;
 *     }
 *   }
 *   else if ( nWaitersBlocked > nWaitersGone ) { // HARMLESS RACE CONDITION!
 *     sem_wait( semBlockLock );                  // close the gate
 *     if ( 0 != nWaitersGone ) {
 *       nWaitersBlocked -= nWaitersGone;
 *       nWaitersGone = 0;
 *     }
 *     if (bAll) {
 *       nSignalsToIssue = nWaitersToUnblock = nWaitersBlocked;
 *       nWaitersBlocked = 0;
 *     }
 *     else {
 *       nSignalsToIssue = nWaitersToUnblock = 1;
 *       --nWaitersBlocked;
 *     }
 *   }
 *   else { // NO-OP
 *     return unlock( mtxUnblockLock );
 *   }
 *
 *   unlock( mtxUnblockLock );
 *   sem_post( semBlockQueue,nSignalsToIssue );
 *   return result;
 * }
 * -------------------------------------------------------------
 *
 */

#include "pthread.h"
#include "implement.h"

/*
 * Arguments for cond_wait_cleanup, since we can only pass a
 * single void * to it.
 */
typedef struct
  {
    pthread_mutex_t *mutexPtr;
    pthread_cond_t cv;
    int *resultPtr;
  } pte_cond_wait_cleanup_args_t;

static void
pte_cond_wait_cleanup (void *args)
{
  pte_cond_wait_cleanup_args_t *cleanup_args =
    (pte_cond_wait_cleanup_args_t *) args;
  pthread_cond_t cv = cleanup_args->cv;
  int *resultPtr = cleanup_args->resultPtr;
  int nSignalsWasLeft;
  int result;

  /*
   * Whether we got here as a result of signal/broadcast or because of
   * timeout on wait or thread cancellation we indicate that we are no
   * longer waiting. The waiter is responsible for adjusting waiters
   * (to)unblock(ed) counts (protected by unblock lock).
   */
  if ((result = pthread_mutex_lock (&(cv->mtxUnblockLock))) != 0)
    {
      *resultPtr = result;
      return;
    }

  if (0 != (nSignalsWasLeft = cv->nWaitersToUnblock))
    {
      --(cv->nWaitersToUnblock);
    }
  else if (INT_MAX / 2 == ++(cv->nWaitersGone))
    {
      /* Use the non-cancellable version of sem_wait() */
//      if (sem_wait_nocancel (&(cv->semBlockLock)) != 0)
      if (sem_wait (&(cv->semBlockLock)) != 0)
        {
          *resultPtr = errno;
          /*
           * This is a fatal error for this CV,
           * so we deliberately don't unlock
           * cv->mtxUnblockLock before returning.
           */
          return;
        }
      cv->nWaitersBlocked -= cv->nWaitersGone;
      if (sem_post (&(cv->semBlockLock)) != 0)
        {
          *resultPtr = errno;
          /*
           * This is a fatal error for this CV,
           * so we deliberately don't unlock
           * cv->mtxUnblockLock before returning.
           */
          return;
        }
      cv->nWaitersGone = 0;
    }

  if ((result = pthread_mutex_unlock (&(cv->mtxUnblockLock))) != 0)
    {
      *resultPtr = result;
      return;
    }

  if (1 == nSignalsWasLeft)
    {
      if (sem_post (&(cv->semBlockLock)) != 0)
        {
          *resultPtr = errno;
          return;
        }
    }

  /*
   * XSH: Upon successful return, the mutex has been locked and is owned
   * by the calling thread.
   */
  if ((result = pthread_mutex_lock (cleanup_args->mutexPtr)) != 0)
    {
      *resultPtr = result;
    }
}				/* pte_cond_wait_cleanup */

static int
pte_cond_timedwait (pthread_cond_t * cond,
                    pthread_mutex_t * mutex, const struct timespec *abstime)
{
  int result = 0;
  pthread_cond_t cv;
  pte_cond_wait_cleanup_args_t cleanup_args;

  if (cond == NULL || *cond == NULL)
    {
      return EINVAL;
    }

  /*
   * We do a quick check to see if we need to do more work
   * to initialise a static condition variable. We check
   * again inside the guarded section of pte_cond_check_need_init()
   * to avoid race conditions.
   */
  if (*cond == PTHREAD_COND_INITIALIZER)
    {
      result = pte_cond_check_need_init (cond);
    }

  if (result != 0 && result != EBUSY)
    {
      return result;
    }

  cv = *cond;

  /* Thread can be cancelled in sem_wait() but this is OK */
  if (sem_wait (&(cv->semBlockLock)) != 0)
    {
      return errno;
    }

  ++(cv->nWaitersBlocked);

  if (sem_post (&(cv->semBlockLock)) != 0)
    {
      return errno;
    }

  /*
   * Setup this waiter cleanup handler
   */
  cleanup_args.mutexPtr = mutex;
  cleanup_args.cv = cv;
  cleanup_args.resultPtr = &result;

  pthread_cleanup_push (pte_cond_wait_cleanup, (void *) &cleanup_args);

  /*
   * Now we can release 'mutex' and...
   */
  if ((result = pthread_mutex_unlock (mutex)) == 0)
    {
      /*
       * ...wait to be awakened by
       *              pthread_cond_signal, or
       *              pthread_cond_broadcast, or
       *              timeout, or
       *              thread cancellation
       *
       * Note:
       *
       *      sem_timedwait is a cancellation point,
       *      hence providing the mechanism for making
       *      pthread_cond_wait a cancellation point.
       *      We use the cleanup mechanism to ensure we
       *      re-lock the mutex and adjust (to)unblock(ed) waiters
       *      counts if we are cancelled, timed out or signalled.
       */
      if (sem_timedwait (&(cv->semBlockQueue), abstime) != 0)
        {
          result = errno;
        }
    }


  /*
   * Always cleanup
   */
  pthread_cleanup_pop (1);

  /*
   * "result" can be modified by the cleanup handler.
   */
  return result;

}				/* pte_cond_timedwait */


int
pthread_cond_wait (pthread_cond_t * cond, pthread_mutex_t * mutex)
/*
 * ------------------------------------------------------
 * DOCPUBLIC
 *      This function waits on a condition variable until
 *      awakened by a signal or broadcast.
 *
 *      Caller MUST be holding the mutex lock; the
 *      lock is released and the caller is blocked waiting
 *      on 'cond'. When 'cond' is signaled, the mutex
 *      is re-acquired before returning to the caller.
 *
 * PARAMETERS
 *      cond
 *              pointer to an instance of pthread_cond_t
 *
 *      mutex
 *              pointer to an instance of pthread_mutex_t
 *
 *
 * DESCRIPTION
 *      This function waits on a condition variable until
 *      awakened by a signal or broadcast.
 *
 *      NOTES:
 *
 *      1)      The function must be called with 'mutex' LOCKED
 *              by the calling thread, or undefined behaviour
 *              will result.
 *
 *      2)      This routine atomically releases 'mutex' and causes
 *              the calling thread to block on the condition variable.
 *              The blocked thread may be awakened by
 *                      pthread_cond_signal or
 *                      pthread_cond_broadcast.
 *
 * Upon successful completion, the 'mutex' has been locked and
 * is owned by the calling thread.
 *
 *
 * RESULTS
 *              0               caught condition; mutex released,
 *              EINVAL          'cond' or 'mutex' is invalid,
 *              EINVAL          different mutexes for concurrent waits,
 *              EINVAL          mutex is not held by the calling thread,
 *
 * ------------------------------------------------------
 */
{
  /*
   * The NULL abstime arg means INFINITE waiting.
   */
  return (pte_cond_timedwait (cond, mutex, NULL));

}				/* pthread_cond_wait */


int
pthread_cond_timedwait (pthread_cond_t * cond,
                        pthread_mutex_t * mutex,
                        const struct timespec *abstime)
/*
 * ------------------------------------------------------
 * DOCPUBLIC
 *      This function waits on a condition variable either until
 *      awakened by a signal or broadcast; or until the time
 *      specified by abstime passes.
 *
 * PARAMETERS
 *      cond
 *              pointer to an instance of pthread_cond_t
 *
 *      mutex
 *              pointer to an instance of pthread_mutex_t
 *
 *      abstime
 *              pointer to an instance of (const struct timespec)
 *
 *
 * DESCRIPTION
 *      This function waits on a condition variable either until
 *      awakened by a signal or broadcast; or until the time
 *      specified by abstime passes.
 *
 *      NOTES:
 *      1)      The function must be called with 'mutex' LOCKED
 *              by the calling thread, or undefined behaviour
 *              will result.
 *
 *      2)      This routine atomically releases 'mutex' and causes
 *              the calling thread to block on the condition variable.
 *              The blocked thread may be awakened by
 *                      pthread_cond_signal or
 *                      pthread_cond_broadcast.
 *
 *
 * RESULTS
 *              0               caught condition; mutex released,
 *              EINVAL          'cond', 'mutex', or abstime is invalid,
 *              EINVAL          different mutexes for concurrent waits,
 *              EINVAL          mutex is not held by the calling thread,
 *              ETIMEDOUT       abstime ellapsed before cond was signaled.
 *
 * ------------------------------------------------------
 */
{
  if (abstime == NULL)
    {
      return EINVAL;
    }

  return (pte_cond_timedwait (cond, mutex, abstime));

}				/* pthread_cond_timedwait */